Sir Alexander Fleming is known throughout the world as the man who discovered penicillin, heralding the dawn of the age of antibiotics. Penicillin has saved millions of lives and counting, but Fleming famously did not patent his discovery, stating: “I found penicillin and have given it free for the benefit of humanity. Why should it become a profit-making monopoly?”
Alexander Fleming IS KNOWN FOR...
- Discovering the antibacterial properties of the fungus Penicillium rubens, resulting in the production of the first widely effective antibiotic
- Discovering the antimicrobial enzyme lysozyme
- Receiving the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945
Memorials to Alexander Fleming can be found in many different countries – there’s a statue of him outside Madrid’s largest bullring, and several streets in Greece are named after him, as are a square in Prague, a school in Bulgaria, and even an asteroid!
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