Born in Cairo when Egypt was under British rule, Dorothy Hodgkin was a Nobel Prize-winning biochemist and one of the most important women in the UK’s scientific history. She broke new ground by using X-ray techniques to determine the chemical structures of important biomolecules like penicillin and—after more than three decades of hard work and persistence—insulin.
Dorothy Hodgkin IS KNOWN FOR...
- Advancing the use of X-ray crystallography to determine the structures of biomolecules
- Determining the chemical structures of insulin, penicillin and vitamin B12, among others
- Winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry – only the third woman (and the first British woman) to do so
Dorothy Hodgkin taught chemistry at Oxford University from 1936 to 1977. One of her students during this time was a young woman named Margaret Roberts, now better known by her married name: Margaret Thatcher.
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